Qalaai Zanist Scientific Journal
گۆڤارى قەڵاى زانست

LFU Home

| Qalaai Zanist Home | Current Issue |   ISSN 2518-6566 (Online)
ISSN 2518-6558 (Print)
Qalaai Zanist Scientific Journal  
Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2016

Copyright Statement: This is an open access publication licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, even commercially as long as the original work is properly cited.

Paper Title: Rural Migration in the Developing Economy and its Reflection on the Urban Structure (with Reference to Kurdistan Region)
Author (s): Prof. Dr.Hoshiar Marouf - Lebanese French University - Erbil
Index Terms: Migration, Urbanization, Rural Exodus , Centrifugal and Centripetal forces
Abstract: Indeed ,a lot of common lines bringing different experiences of the developing countries (in respect to rural migration) that are closed to each other, however each experience has its special characteristics which are not necessarily congruent to other experiences as has really been taken place during 1980s in Kurdistan region. To deal with practical aspects of urbanization in Kurdistan region, a simple questionnaire conducted in two urban areas; Sulaimany (city) and Koya (town). The questions were immediately related to the prospected causes and consequences of migration and urban localization. The research directed to test (qualitatively with reference to the questionnaire results) a principal assumption ;( aversion of migration and urban attractions, both of them resulted in a dichotomous process of settlement).
In so far this paper concentrated on the following subjects;
One – Rural centrifugal forces of migration.
Two –Governmental Obligatory and Urban centripetal forces of migration.
Three- Urbanization and immigration consequences.
Four – Towards a sound urbanization in the developing economy.
Lastly, the paper concluded that after a long and sluggish rural migration in Iraq during 1950s, 1960s and 1970s governmental obligatory forces in the second half of 1980s represented the most decisive and profoundly determinants of the rural migration in the IKRand this , as a basic consequence , entails a chronic restless to reside between the village and the city.
Cite This Paper (APA):

Marouf, H. (2016). Rural Migration in the Developing Economy and its Reflection on the Urban Structure (with Reference to Kurdistan Region). Qalaai Zanist Scientific Journal, 1(2). doi:10.25212/lfu.qzj.1.2.08

Text Language: English
Pp.: 218 - 240
Full Text:


Researchers and readers of Qalaai zanist are invited to submit their articles with Kurdish, Arabic or English language (to that are consistent with the objective of this journal for publishing in the future issues.


A Scientific Quarterly Refereed Journal, Published by Lebanese French University (LFU) , Erbil - Kurdistan, Iraq
Licensed by Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research - Kurdistan Regional Government (Decree 13071/9 in August 29, 2016)
Copyrights @ LFU Erbil, 2016. All rights reserved