Lebanese French University - Erbil      
 
 

Department of Information Technology

 

Online Examinations
New e-Exam Platform to Enhance the University Academic Examinations

Although the philosophy of education of many universities began shifted gradually towards using computers and information and communication technologies to establish effective education environment, but the traditional style of examinations (that suffering from a real problems related to the type of using paper and pen) is still used in these technological environments.

LFU-IT used e-Exam System as a Computer Based Exams (CBEs). CBEs is a new approach has been used for about a decade now around the world. Basically, the computers are used instead of the papers in the exam. Using special system called e-exam system.

However, LFU-IT highlighted some of problems with the current used e-exam systems (that solved some traditional exam problems) and develop a new e-Exam platform to provide a better quality exam in terms of saving cost, time, effort and cheating probability.

The developed e-Exam environment was implemented upon client/server network architecture on three computer laboratories at the department of IT in Lebanese French University (LFU).

This e-Exam is being used by 14 lecturers to make daily quizzes, midterm and final exams for 142 morning and evening students to replace most of the paper based examinations since October 2015.

 

The implemented e-Exam platform have many integrated subsystems, work all together to be functional and reliable platform. The subsystems of e-Exam and their main functions are listed in below table.

Subsystem # Subsystem Name Functions Work Mode Place
1

QuizMaker

- Create questions database.
- Generate e-exam package by randomize set of questions (from questions database), set exam’s time and set special instructions (if there).

Offline

Lecturer’s Computer

2

Apache Server

- Serve the e-exam by hosting, running and managing the e-exam package.

Online

Server

3

e-Exam Package

- Deliver the questions for Students at Clients.
- Tracking the answers, and calculates the Final Degree.

Online

Clients

4

e-Exam Browser

- Access and browse e-Exam for Students at their Clients.
- Upload the Final Degree of exams to the Server.

Online

Clients

First of all, lectures (examiners) had finished the generated e-exam package by randomize set of questions (from questions database, after that they will upload the e-Exam packages to apache host server. When Admin activate the exam at the specified date and time, Apache Server allows for clients to access the e-Exam Package that includes questions of exam via e-Exam Browser. The e-Exam Browser allows for students to access and browse the e-Exam, and allows to upload the Final Degree of exams to the Server when the time of exam is finished.

The problems that are encountered with the traditional methods of exam concerning the cost, time, and cheating probability are solved with e-Exam system and ensure the quality of exam process as the following:

  1. The e-Exam use less number of papers, which will reduce the cost of examination and would preserve the environmental conditions.

  2. The number of people are required to supervise each examination will be fewer, which will reduce the effort and cost for examination.

  3. Timing spent on correcting the papers and reviewing the answers will be eliminated, which will reduce the effort of lecturers.

  4. The e-Exam have the ability to produce random questions to each student, which will minimize the cheating probability to almost zero.

  5. The e-Exam have the ability to protect from a fraud case during the examination.

 
Computer Based Exam   The e-exam system will use less number of papers, which will reduce the costs.
 
Timing spent on correcting the papers and reviewing the answers will be eliminated.   Produce random questions to each student which will minimize the cheating probability to almost zero.
 
Exam Finished   Print out results of exams (or save it as a PDF file format)
 
REFERENCES
1. LFU Order numbered 2085, dated 17-12-2015.
     

2. Scientific Pape
r titled : Mazin S. Al-Hakeem, Mohammad Salim Abdulrahman, "Developing a New e-Exam Platform to Enhance the University Academic Examinations: the Case of Lebanese French University", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.9, No.5, pp.9-16, 2017.
DOI: 10.5815/ijmecs.2017.05.02
Full Text Link
 
 
 
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