Academic Work and Assessment
Presentations, projects and homework are compulsory and graded. They participate to the final grade of the course. Tests and exam methods, course internal grading system, tests dates are determined by the Professor and/or Management. Projects are to be conducted in all courses. Unless otherwise specified, tests/controls are taken and conducted on an individual basis, without documents available. Students are expected to have read and prepared the course material before the relevant course session. They have to study on a regular basis. They should not wait for the exams and for the study/reading period. A student absent without prior justification will receive a zero grade on the quiz/test/control taken during his absence (quiz/evaluation weighting ranges between 5 and 15% from final grade).
Term examinations organized at the end of each course or semester in exams rooms, they account for the final grade of the course. An individual or group project could exceptionally replace a term exam taken in an Examination Centre only when it is specifically authorized by the administration in writing (no exception could be authorized by the sole professor of the course). Term exams are preceded by a short study/reading period (2 to 3 days). Exams schedule could impose multiple exams during one day and they allow for consecutive days of exams. The exam programme covers the full course programme. No Professor is allowed to give an Exam Study Guide limiting the exam questions to a part of the programme or to specific questions or to specific types of questions. The rules governing the exams are detailed in the Exams Notes that need to be retrieved by the student before the sessionís 1st exam date. Students cannot sit for exams without an Exam Note. Exams Notes are delivered to regularly attending students with no unauthorized unpaid tuition. Any exam taken by a student not in possession of the Exam Note will be cancelled. Any exam taken by a student who did not respect the commitments he made while obtaining the Exam Note will be cancelled. The Board of Discipline could in certain cases lift the Exams Cancellation sanction, while imposing a Grade Reduction Penalty to the grade obtained by a student sitting unauthorized to an exam. All Exams Notes rules are imposed to protect the integrity of the evaluation system and the quality of the educational process. At no time they can be objected or discussed by students. Unless otherwise specified, exams are taken on an individual basis, without documents available. Any cheating attempt will be heavily sanctioned (involved students could be dismissed from the exam, from the course or from the university; dismissal/exclusion could be for definite or infinite number of semesters). In the case of a duly justified absence, the student has to sit for a replacement exam session at his own expense.
Academic Requirements for Passing a Course:
In LFU the requirements for passing a course are that each course requires midterm examination and final examination. Usually, the midterm examination should be out of 40% of the final grade and the final exam should be out of 60%. As for the grading scale, it varies from pass to excellent. The following table is illustrating the grading scale.
Range of Average Mark
Grade in English
Grade in Kurdish
Grade in Arabic
Make-up Examinations and Repeated Courses
Students have to sit a new for courses exams during the Make-up Exams sessions whenever their grades in those courses are insufficient. Grades below 10 over 20 are insufficient to pass the course. Grades obtained at the Make-up exams will replace the original course final grades only if they are higher. The student will need to register for and repeat the course whose make-up exam he failed in.
Before graduation, graduate students have to complete a training period in their field of specialization (6 weeks per year of studies, meaning 24 weeks for BA and 12 weeks for Masterís students). A Training Report Paper is to be submitted for each training period. Working students could be exempted from the Training requirements, but not from the Report Paper. Non fulfillment of training and report paper obligations will delay graduation until due obligations are completed.
Before graduation, students are to:
Complete all mandatory courses, internship, final project and research paper obligations related to the programme. Each course is allocated a number of credits. These credits are the weighting for the course grades in the overall average grade. To be eligible for the LFU degree, a student must complete all educational requirements of his major during a minimum of semesters (BA: 8 semesters with a minimum of 4 final semesters in residence at LFU for those students transferring from other universities; Master: 4 semesters in LFU).
Demonstrate the required level in Computer Skills,
English and French by attaining the minimum level
set for these skills.
Achieve a minimum of 10 over 20 final grade in each
of the courses of the programme (grades below 10
over 20 will be accepted only for courses taken
during the years 2007-8, 2008-9; courses between 8
and 10 over 20 will be accepted only for courses
taken during 2009-10). Starting 2010-11, all courses
with grades lower than 10 over 20 will be considered
as failed. The Board of Admission convening at the
end of the Graduation year (Bachelor 4th year,
Master 2nd year) could decide to lower the level of
success for certain courses taken by a specific
student to less than 10 over 20 when the global
average of the student at the time of graduation is
well above 10 over 20 (around 15 over 20, or
whichever level deemed adequate by the Board of
Admission) and his absence rate and overall
discipline are satisfactory. The student has to have
passed all the courses according to the above rules.
Achieve a minimum 10 over 20 overall average for
each year of studies and for all the courses taken
in the programme, from the student 1st year of
studies in the programme to the last. The required
minimum averages per course or per programme could
be higher when a penalty for absences has been
imposed by the Board of Admission (see Sanctions for
Absences). Students enrolled in "Local +
International degree" programmes will have their
international degree certificate including the
grades of courses related to the international
programme (courses that are not compulsory for the
international programme are not included in the
grades and average). As for the local degree granted
by LFU, it will include the grades of courses
related to the local programme (courses not
compulsory for the local programme and passed
successfully by the student will be included in the
grades and average in order to improve his results).
Students enrolled in the ďLocal degreeĒ programmes will have on their LFU local degree the grades of courses related to the local programme (courses not compulsory for the local programme and eventually taken by the student will be included in the grades and average if they have been successfully passed, which again favours the studentís results).
For foreign degrees prepared in parallel to the LFU degree, there might be certain programme and graduation rules applicable specifically to the foreign degree (concerned students should refer to the foreign degree specific documentation).
In the interest of the student, of his classmates, of the professors and of LFU, a regular attendance to all courses is compulsory. Attendance is controlled on a daily basis. A student absent when attendance is checked will be considered and posted as absent. For educational purposes, he will appear as absent even when his absence has been justified before or after its occurrence. A student cannot ask LFU to eliminate his absence because he justified it. The convincing quality of absence justification will serve only to eventually attenuate the consequences of the absences. Students withdrawing without notice and authorization from a course after attendance check will be counted absent for all the periods of the day.
All absences to courses, controls or exams must be justified in writing at the earliest. Unjustified absences could trigger appropriate disciplinary and/or educational and/or financial sanctions. Unjustified absence to a control/exam triggers a zero for the relevant control/exam. Justified or unjustified absence to such a control/exam imposes on the student to sit again for the control/exam during the Make-up exam session.
A maximum 15% of total justified absences rate is tolerated in each course. Beyond that rate, the student could face, without prior notice, a number of possible sanctions (temporary or final dismissal, cancellation of financial assistance, withholding of certificates and results, denial of access to LFU exam centers, penalty for absence applicable to the course or programme, etc.). All absences during all the years of the programme affect the chances of admission of the student in the higher year or his graduation. The studentís grades in one or more courses or the studentís final grades could be reduced in line with his absence rate. One third of one final grade point could be deducted for each 1% of absence rate exceeding 15%. For example, a student with a 21% absence global rate and a final average of 11/20 could have his global average reduced to 9/20 (or be required to achieve an average of 12/20 or more) and thus be declared failed for absences.
It is an essential professional quality. Students must always be on time for classes. Late comers need a Special Pass which could be denied in case of abusive or repetitive late-arrival.
Classroom doors will be systematically closed 15 minutes after the official start of the 1st course period of the day (e.g. 8:30 am or 4 pm). Following administration instructions, Professors cannot admit a student after these 15 minutes. Students arriving later will not be admitted until the 2-3 minutes in-class break at the end of the 1st period (8:50 am and 4:50 pm). They will be counted absent for the 2 consecutive periods (students who have an overwhelming reason for being late for the 1st period have to make it known in time to the administration; (in all cases, they cannot join the class before the 2nd period and they will be counted absent for the 1st period). Classroom doors will systematically be closed 10 minutes after the end of a break (11 am, 1 pm, 7 pm). Professors cannot admit a student after then. Students returning more than 10 minutes late from the break will not be admitted until the 2-3 minutes in-class break at the end of the 1st period (11:50 am, 1:50 pm and 7:50 pm). They will be counted absent for the 2 consecutive periods.
Behavior and Disciplinary Penalties
They have to be proper at all times, in and around the university. Respect for the comfort and safety of others, as well as consideration for othersí property are a must. Behavior in class is of utmost importance. Smoking, chewing, eating, drinking and bothering others in class is forbidden. Proper body hygiene is also a must in order not to bother others.
Keeping an active cell phone in the classroom is strictly forbidden. Leaving the class to make or take phone calls is absolutely unacceptable. Leaving the class before the end of the period without prior authorization is forbidden. Going to restrooms should take place before and after classes and during breaks. Any justified exceptions to these rules should have been authorized in writing by the administration. Students who deliberately ignore the rules will be counted absent for all the periods of the day when an unauthorized break to the rule occurs. Arriving in class without the necessary academic material (paper, pen and course material) is not acceptable. Adopting attitudes demeaning for the course or its professor is subject to sanctions. Mutual respect between students and professors is a rule. Students have to comply with their professorsí and administrationís instructions. Contesting instructions is possible only after compliance. Students are bound by sanctions taken by professors or administration members. Refusal to comply could trigger heavier sanctions and Board of Discipline intervention with the possibility of temporary or permanent dismissal.
Mutual respect between Students and the administration is also a rule. It will be exposed to sanctions from the Board of Discipline the authors of inappropriate language and messages, authors of physical or verbal violence and threats, persons responsible for public indecent accusations, unfounded bad-mouthing of the university in or outside the campus, students responsible for accusations against the university at the Ministry of Higher Education without prior notice and good-faith discussion of the subject problem with the administration, and unfounded/unsubstantiated actions or threats to act legally against the university. Students are bound by the decisions of the Board of Discipline. Dismissal and exclusions from the university decisions are not subject to compensation, reimbursement of tuition and fees; sanctioned student bears all the consequences of the acts that triggered the sanction. They remain liable for all their due and unpaid fees.